Stepping into the world

As winter approaches, graduation is starting to seem very real for students completing their final year. But is pessimism over the job market justified? The experience of recent graduates shows that opportunities are out there for those that look

Stepping into the world

The endless theories about the dire state of Millennials entering the job market are unavoidable. Columnists gleefully exclaim that we’re a lost generation, that we’re lazy and entitled. More gently, but not particularly hopefully, others state we were just dealt an unlucky hand and happen to be graduating at the “wrong time.”

“We all know of people who only had one career in mind, studied it with vigor, only to be burned once entering the field, realizing it wasn’t what they wanted. I planned to apply to graduate school immediately after I finished my undergraduate degree, but realized that all of the theory I learned would be meaningless if I wasn’t able to apply it in the real world.”

The fact is that Canada is currently experiencing an unemployment rate of some 14.7 per cent for youth age 15 to 24, close to double the 7.4 per cent figure for the nation as a whole according to Statistics Canada. The number could actually be a lot larger, as Canada’s unemployment statistics only account for those collecting unemployment insurance or welfare. As fourth- and fifth-year students face the looming specter of graduation only a few months away (or the more imminent deadline of grad school applications), these statistics can become a whole lot more frightening. It is clear that our expectations need to loosen and adapt to these changing conditions, as do those of our parents, many of whom still assume that a smooth school-to-work transition is guaranteed when you have a degree in hand. The truth is, the path to “adulthood” is a lot shakier.

It’s easy to judge yourself and others for not being able to land an ideal job right out of university. Panic mode often sets in during the last few months of one’s post-secondary career, and the more months that go by without school or work, the more you can start to feel like a deadbeat graduate with nothing going for you. This pressure can warp how you handle such a personal conflict. The search for worthwhile opportunities can quickly lead to confusion over whether to wait to start a profession, or work other jobs (i.e. the service industry) to make ends meet.

Edil, a 2010 U of T graduate with a double-major in Political Science and Anthropology, experienced these problems while bouncing between various short term positions after graduation. Once she finished her degree, Edil found a short-term job at as a Community Organizer with Toronto ACORN, a non-profit organization focused on tenant rights advancement.

“After a few months with ACORN, I was unemployed for about five to six months. But for all the headache and grief it caused me, I became much more introspective and thoughtful about the things that mattered most.”

After that, Edil took advantage of two more temporary opportunities ­— a research position at Canada Council for The Arts and a job as a youth worker leader with Tropicana Community Services’ Summer Jobs for Youth. Eventually, Edil received a more stable year long contract as a research coordinator with Educational Attainment West.

“Those posts took up my almost two years away from school. I am currently a graduate student. Although social science degrees are notorious for their unfocused career streaming, they do allow for graduates to try a variety of fields before they plan to commit to one,” she said. “We all know of people who only had one career in mind, studied it with vigor, only to be burned once entering the field, realizing it wasn’t what they wanted. I planned to apply to graduate school immediately after I finished my undergraduate degree, but realized that all of the theory I learned would be meaningless if I wasn’t able to apply it in the real world.”

Alternatively, many recent graduates choose to bypass the job hunt for more school. With ample working years still ahead of them, continuing studies can provide students with more time to think through their future career goals. Political science specialist, Anupa, went straight into a two year post-grad journalism program at Humber College when she graduated from U of T in 2006.

“I enjoyed the journalism program, but it was more about me not knowing what I wanted to do and turning to more school as a solution. It was kind of a kick in the ass. I was panicked; I didn’t know what I wanted to do with my degree or how to break into the industry. After I graduated from the program, I got a job doing digital marketing and a writing job on the side.”

Unable to find a 9–5 job in their preferred field of study, students either retreat into another degree or find a job that pays the bills but doesn’t necessarily utilize their skill set. Anupa worked in digital media during the day and devoted extra time outside the standard workweek to develop her writing portfolio. Though stressful, pressure like this can sometimes be beneficial, making time spent on writing or other fulfilling projects special, and motivating you to work harder on your goals.

Anupa recently started a new job as an associate producer with CBC Music, and she plans to stick with media as her line of work down the road. Anupa loved her time at U of T but isn’t so sure she would pursue a post-grad program if she could do it all over again.

“Journalism school helped me, but would I have done it again knowing what I know? Sure. But you can break into journalism without doing post-grad. It was kind of a waste of money. That’s something to consider, and it’s important for me because I’m not loaded.”

Then there are graduates who decide to look for work outside their own country. If re-claiming your parents’ furnished basement is a big no-no, spending money on a plane ride to your dream destination is an investment to seriously consider. Sahar, a 2012 U of T graduate armed with a double-major in cinema studies and political science, travelled to Jordan in September to work on her film portfolio. Sahar, who in light of her situation abroad asked that her real name not be used, met like-minded students and had great success making a short film with the use of local resources and acting talent in Amman. What was intended as a short visit until October was extended to January after Sahar found work with a film production company, assisting a team of writers with the development of TV shows and web series. Sahar also got the opportunity to act as a production assistant on sets for several small films, commercials, and educational ads for local companies. The closest Sahar ever got to this kind of hands-on experience in Toronto was her part-time position as an audio visual technician trainee at Innis Town Hall’s projection booth.

Of course, moving to a new country involves learning to adapt to a new environment rather quickly. Travelling will do that, forcing you to take responsibility for yourself and face working relations and circumstances that aren’t the norm in North America. From time to time, Sahar has dealt with less-than-positive feedback while on the job, surrounded by all of her colleagues.

“Doing this job the first time around, I definitely made mistakes and people got frustrated. But you need to keep your cool and act professional in high stress situations. Put your fears to the side and be efficient instead of dwelling and getting upset, because there will be people who treat you like shit.”

Sahar’s next steps include higher learning, most likely pursuing a master’s degree in creative writing. Sahar is glad she chose to study both political science and film at U of T as it gave her a lot to work off of.

“Being Iranian and working in Jordan, I can work through controversial political issues in a creative capacity and reach out to a wide audience in a more diplomatic manner. When you cushion political issues with a creative outlet, your reach grows dramatically.”

For others, there’s no rush to jet off towards foreign sunsets fresh off of the U of T train. With hefty loans weighing on the minds of many graduates, travelling abroad is not only a daunting prospect, it’s also not the most practical use of their limited funds. Alumna Sonal felt the same way when she graduated from U of T in 2010 (due to the nature of her future plans, Sonal asked not be identified). She spent the summer job-hunting for pretty much anything. She got an interview with a PR firm, which went beautifully, and she worked there as an intern for three months before getting a full-time placement. She’s been working the grind as a social media analyst ever since.

“When I got there, everyone was a graduate from Humber. My friends were all either unemployed, starting their master’s, or doing a shitty job they didn’t like.”

Sonal’s plans for the near future involve moving to France next spring to teach English. She’s even enlisted a tutor to help spiff up her high school level French skills before the big move, a testament to the very real opportunities available to those hoping to upgrade and continue learning later in life. Graduates shouldn’t get bogged down with the idea that they’ll be locked into one career trajectory their entire lives.

“I had a lot of wanderlust in university but I couldn’t afford to take a vacation. I knew the only way I could do that was by becoming financially independent,” Sonal said. “My ability to travel was dependent on me paying for it. In order for me to do that, I needed to adopt a sort of traditional route. PR isn’t something I thought I would do but it’s comfortable.

It’s not my dream job but it lets me travel and leave Toronto, and being a “starving artist” working at a coffee shop wouldn’t allow me to do that. Now that I’ve been in this field for the past two years, I definitely know this isn’t what I want to do. But moving to France wouldn’t be a possibility if I didn’t pay my dues and work first.”

Such a bold transition between jobs is actually quite typical of Millennials. According to a recent survey by Future Workplace, the majority of young employees expect to stay in a job for less than three years, meaning you’ll probably have amassed a wealth of experience before settling down in a profession past young adulthood. You might not land your dream job right out of school, but remember that other jobs still yield experience, adventure, and opportunities for advancement. The graduates featured above suggest that there is more than one way of doing things, and many paths that can lead to your destination.

Lewis: ‘the work means everything’

Stephen Lewis has come a long way from his days as a U of T student back in the 1960s. The former United Nations Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Africa gave a sold-out lecture, Africa: Our Responsibility in the 21st Century, at Hart House Monday night. The talk, also featuring American Jewish World Service president Ruth Messinger, was presented by presented by Hillel of Greater Toronto.

“This is an issue that has really been brought to the forefront,” said Devora Schwartz Waxman, director of social justice at HGT. As the event was Stephen Lewis’ third lecture at U of T, it marked a milestone for Hillel.

“We’re always hoping to raise the bar,” Waxman said.

Lewis spoke passionately, asking the audience how the world could allow calamities like the genocide in Darfur and the pandemic spread of HIV. The statistics are indeed frightening: as of 2005, HIV has infected some 70 million people worldwide, of whom 24.5 million are in sub-Saharan Africa. From that number, 59 per cent are women.

Lewis said that gender equality continues to be the greatest problem facing the continent, with male sexual entitlement a common mindset and spousal rape occurring in an astronomical 71 per cent of couples.

If the forecast seems grim, it does come with some small hope. With new technologies such as crop rotation and drip irrigation brought to parts of Uganda by the American Jewish World Service, said Messinger, women of that country can finally grow enough food to sustain their communities. Women formerly drove to Dakar six hours away to work, she said, “as maids if they were lucky, or as prostitutes if they were unlucky.” Messinger believed the greatest chance for success was working at a grassroots level, within communities. And Hillel student Rebecca Schwebel, who volunteered in Uganda this past summer, agreed.

“We’re not like some great white saviour swooping in,” she said. “We’re helping them help themselves.”

The problems ravaging the continent are indeed great, and will take time to eradicate. Corruption and poor governing, as well as a lack of international funding, have contributed to the proliferation of the disease in the last 25 years.

In his closing, Stephen Lewis implored students join the fight against HIV/AIDS, through both volunteer work and donations. Though it’s a difficult fight, said Lewis, “It’s a fight worth making.”

Ulrich Schnauss keeps it dark

Ulrich Schnauss could very well be a vampire. While speaking to The Varsity by telephone last week the German electro-shoegazer artist had this to say about touring: “I find it difficult to adjust to this much daylight. When I’m at home I switch into a night rhythm where I sleep during the day and work during the night.” It sounds possible, no? “Why do you like the night so much?” I ask, looking for more evidence.

“It’s much nicer to work when its quiet and there are no distractions. I just generally really like nighttime, I find the atmosphere very nice, and very inspiring.”

While Schnauss may prefer the isolation of his London home studio to life on the road, his oneman live show has been turning a lot of heads in both the ambient-electro and shoegazer sets.

“I’d rather focus on studio work than playing too many gigs. But it’s not like I’m suffering out here, at the end of the day I do manage to have a good time,” says the well-spoken 30 year-old in his charming, German-inflected British accent.

In fact his accent is actually a pretty good indication of his musical style, which is inspired in equal parts by gothic German synths and British shoegazer ambience.

Interestingly, Schnauss, who was born in the northern port city of Kiel, describes his introduction to the shoegazer genre as a direct product of the Second World War.

“When I grew up in the late 80s, early 90s there were British and American troops here in Germany and they had their own radio station, and some of the shoegazing stuff made it into the top 40. That’s how I first got the opportunity to listen to that kind of music.”

Shoegazer, a short-lived guitar-driven rock movement in the UK during the late 80s and early 90s, essentially filled the gap between the chart dominance of Baggy and Brit-Pop. Despite its inability to cross into the North American mainstream, Shoegazer managed to find a small niche of young, dedicated fans, many of whom— like Schnauss—are now in bands of their own and leading a resurgence of the genre.

Schnauss’s newest record, Goodbye, which he says is the third part of “an accidental trilogy,” is packed with nocturnal soundscapes, ghostly vocal-lines, subdued beats, and strong songs and structure. At times, some of his dirtier synth patches bring to mind a hybrid of later Radiohead and the Cocteau Twins, or Hot Chip and My Bloody Valentine.

While a number of musicians are credited as performing on Goodbye, Schnauss’s live show is a one-man affair. In an effort to keep his performances fresh, he’s done some re-tooling since his last tour, trading backing tracks for loops.

“I was a bit unhappy with the way I was playing live previously. I was basically just playing backing tracks from the computer and keyboard on top. In the last couple of months I’ve put a lot of work into developing a new live setup where I spilt up all the songs from the album into small loops that I can improvise with, so the good thing is that this time its a bit more live and spontaneous than last time, which hopefully is going to create some interesting results.”

Ulrich Schnauss plays an intimate gig at the Rivoli on Wednesday, Sept. 26 with Madrid and Millimetrik. Cover is $15.

Where’s Kate?

Missing: one candidate for MPP Trinity-Spadina.

That was the sign the Liberal Party might as well have been running Monday afternoon when their candidate in Trinity-Spadina, Kate Holloway, failed to make it out to an all candidates debate arranged by the Canadian Studies department.

Around 100 students, three candidates, and one embarrassed-looking prof waited around for 20 minutes before starting the debate sans Holloway. Professor Todd Gordon, who hosted the debate in his class, said he had made arrangements with Holloway’s offi ce weeks ago. When Holloway didn’t show, Gordon tried calling her office—where no one seemed to know where she was.

According to a representative from her campaign office, the problem was that Holloway’s Google Calendar lost several of the events she had agreed to attend. The offi ce tried to recreate the calendar based on old emails from Holloway’s Gmail account and from her website, but to no avail.

While Dan King, Tyler Currie, and Rosario Marchese tossed barbs at one another and responded to students’ questions, Holloway was apparently out canvassing and gracing other events—presumably ones she made after her calendar crashed.

As of press time, the Liberal riding association had not answered The Varsity’s request for comment.

Navigating Nuit Blanche

Scotiabank Nuit Blanche is only in its second year in Toronto, but already it feels like a city tradition. This year’s “free all-night contemporary art thing” promises to be just as fun and just as cutting-edge as it was in its inaugural year.

Last year, despite rain, huge numbers of Torontonians came out to experience free contemporary art created by artists from Toronto and around the world. It was wonderful to see so many people of different ages out to experience fog in Philosopher’s Walk or floating lanterns at Victoria College’s Pearson Garden of Peace and Understanding. For this night, the city was alive all night long with people out to appreciate the latest art. Queen Street West looked like rush hour on a Friday night: bars and galleries were full of people enjoying art and the community that comes from viewing it with others. It was both an artistic and a civic experience, and it promises to bring even more art (and more people) this year.

Nuit Blanche in Toronto centers around three zones: A, B, and C, which host 195 destinations. Each Zone has a curatorial theme. Zone A, which includes U of T and Bloor-Yorkville, is curated by Rhonda Corvese entitled, “The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters.” All the exhibits in Zone A will attempt to alarm you or unsettle you by producing an effect that is unexpected. I have high hopes for “Departure” (Mircea Cantor 2005), playing at the Isabel Bader Theatre on Vic’s campus: a 2 minute, 43 second loop of a wolf and a deer in a room together. It promises to be an unnerving experience that forces the viewer to confront the possibility of watching a slaughter. Also in Zone A, don’t miss your chance to get inside of Lower Bay TTC station in “The Ghost Station” (Kristen Roos 2007) for low-frequency sounds. The concept sounds flighty, but take the opportunity to get into this hidden part of Toronto while it’s open to you. And in room 066 of the Faculty of Architecture there will be an exact replica of Toronto’s nuclear fall-out shelter, “Aurora Readiness Centre” (Annie MacDonell 2007)!

Zone B extends west from Spadina out to the Distillery District, and from College south to the waterfront. Michelle Jacques curates with a focus on the heterogeneity of the neighbourhoods, entitled “At the Corner of Time and Place.” Of particular interest will be “What Will You Do?” (Nina Czegledy et al. 2007), which invites participants to interact by sending an SMS text message saying what you will do to help stop climate change. Responses will be posted to the board in minutes. Be sure to check out “Where There Are Trees Standing in the Water” (Hannah Claus 2007), a light installation on the historic George Brown House.

Zone C is located in Queen West. Camilla Singh curates a dream world in our city entitled “Supernatural City.” There are plenty of wonderful exhibitions here, but be sure to stop in to the local galleries that will be open all night and see what Toronto artists have to offer. If the galleries aren’t your thing, check out “Locust” (Noboru Tsubaki 2005), a giant inflated locust in Lamport Stadium on King West.

The TTC has extended service for Nuit Blanche, so remember that a day pass is good for two adults on weekends. Don’t miss this chance to encounter contemporary art that may move you, unnerve you, or just piss you off. More important is that the rest of the city will be out with you. For more information visit:

Commuters Kick Back

University College’s commuter students have a room of their own today, with the opening of the Leith Centre, a space dedicated to the needs of off-campus students. The centre, which includes lockers and a kitchen, with lots of space to study and hang out, has been in the works since 2004. Nona Robinson, UC’s Dean of Students, has been involved in the project since the beginning.

“I think all of us know that offcampus students don’t get the students, so this is something we’ve been thinking about for a long time,” she said.

The centre finally came together this year thanks to money from the university’s $20 million Student Experience Fund, with some funding by the college. Though it is shiny and new, the room itself isn’t one of a kind—Vic and New College both boast spaces and social programs for commuters. Still, the centre comes with a campus first: UC’s Commuter Don program, which will be housed there.

Deena Dadachanji, one of the two dons who will serve UC’s 3500-strong commuter population this year, discussed the new position.

“I wanted to be a don, but I didn’t really like living in residence. I really prefer living off campus, so I’m passionate about commuter issues,” she said.

The dons will be available to give advice to commuter students on academic or social issues, and they will also organize programming for the centre along with the UC Lit’s University College Off-Campus Commission and UC’s coordinator of student life, Renu Kanga. Ideas for the coming year range from a Thanksgiving social, to Bike Week activities, to career workshops.

With four times as many students living off-campus as in residence, University College is typical of U of T. A recent National Survey of Student Experience report highlighted the problems this majority faces in almost every area—commuter students are less likely to work with faculty outside the classroom, less likely to participate in co-curricular activities and more likely to “experience a sense of alienation” in first year. UC aims to close that gap, though the Leith Centre is open to everyone.

“We have no problem with non-UC students using it,” said Robinson. “There will be a lot of UC-specific events, but nobody is going to be asking for ID at the door or anything.”

Drop by and check out the Leith Centre (79 St. George Street, on the main floor of the Helen Gardiner Phelan Playhouse) at an open house all day today.

Calculating Caribou

Be careful the next time you silently curse the person next to you in class for chatting too much or hogging the armrest— they might just turn out to be a rock star. This dream is slowly turning into reality for U of T alum Dan Snaith, who performs under the name Caribou and has just released his fourth album.

The new record, Andorra, is Snaith’s first release on Merge Records, recently tipped by Rolling Stone as a potential breakout—not bad for a guy who spent the late 90s hanging out at University College and making music on a computer in his dorm room.

“I made my first and part of my second albums while I was a student at U of T,” said Snaith. “This was the first album I’ve made while I wasn’t a student at the same time.”

He looks back fondly on the time he spent pursuing not only a career in music, but a Bachelor of Mathematics as well.

“I was always doing both, which I really liked, because being a student is a flexible lifestyle. For example, I was a TA at U of T and didn’t have to work apart from that, so the student life was good to be able to make music without having to worry about working.”

Snaith released his first two records under the name Manitoba, but hit a major snag in 2004 when he was hit with a lawsuit by Handsome Dick Manitoba, singer of The Dictators, a 70s punk band from New York.

Snaith explained, “We were doing a gig in L.A. and I got served with a court subpoena just before we went on stage by a private investigator that the guy had hired. I couldn’t even believe it.” Choosing not to ring up the $500,000 legal fees that it would cost to fight the suit, Snaith decided to change the band’s name.

Ironically, it was on a trip through the province of Manitoba that he settled on the name Caribou, and the band’s profile has been rising ever since.

While his first few records were electronica-based, featuring heavy percussion and sparse vocals, Andorra is Snaith’s first venture into the pop realm. The record combines the percussive elements of Snaith’s electronic beginnings with a quickly developing pop sensibility.

“I felt I had never written proper pop songs before, so the real focus for me was making melodies and harmonies that were really strong.” Andorra sees Snaith singing more than ever before, and he stressed the importance that he placed on vocals when crafting the album.

“The voice is a totally unique instrument for conveying emotion and connecting with people. I wanted to give the compositions I was writing as much emotional weight as possible.”

The result of this new direction is an album reminiscent of 60s psychedelia, with an element of the Beach Boys’ baroque- pop compositions.

Despite the fact that he explores new territory with each Caribou disc, Snaith is determined to continue writing, performing and recording every part of each album by himself. He claimed that working alone simply comes naturally to him, saying, “I’m so used to working this way. It would almost be strange for me to be with a band in a proper recording studio. I’ve never really recorded in that environment at all.”

Having completed his Ph.D. in Mathematics at Imperial College London, Snaith is now living in England, and it appears he has put academia aside, at least for now.

“It was really hectic when we were touring a lot more and the albums were getting a higher profile, taking up a lot more of my time. Being a student was getting to be a bit crazy at the end.”

Who’s watching whom?

Can privacy exist in an age where technology enables more and more information to be collected about us on an ongoing basis? Details like an individual’s genetic make-up can be extremely useful for medical practitioners to better treat patients, yet can also provide insurance companies and employers with information you may not want them to have.

“This information has to be protected like Fort Knox in certain circumstances, and must flow very readily in other circumstances,” said Dr. Ann Cavoukian, Ontario’s Information and Privacy Commissioner, at a Sept. 24 conference called The Privacy Prognosis in an Era of New Health Information Technology.

Hosted by Cavoukian at the MaRs Centre, the conference on the relationship between technology and privacy was attended by delegates from around the world.

U of T’s Trudo Lemmens, associate professor at the Faculty of Law, discussed the need for new regulatory and legal tools to protect individuals, families, and communities from the information that genetic mapping might reveal.

Lemmens explained the concerns of many individuals that their genetic data could be used against them.

“[Some worry that] the rise of genetic discrimination and the detailed level of information that would become available as a result of the human genome project would be used by employers, insurance companies, immigrations officers, and perhaps even by banks when you apply for a loan,” Lemmens said.

The consensus among attendees was that our understanding of the human genome opened possibilities for remarkable medical breakthroughs.

Knowing one’s genetic make-up can help predict certain health problems. Those who learn they are particularly susceptible to heart disease, for example, can alter their lifestyle to minimize the risk of heart problems down the road.

Lemmens cautioned, however, that this same information can have unfortunate consequences if it falls into the wrong hands.

The government of Ontario established the Provincial Health Information Privacy Law three years ago to control the spread of sensitive health data. The law is based on the concepts of implied consent and explicit consent, Cavoukian explained.

“When you go to see your physician, that physician should not have to spend any time with you getting your consent for the collection of the information you’re about to disclose. It’s clear you’re there because you want help,” she said.

But, added Cavoukian, as soon as that information leaves that health care sector, “everything changes.”

Such applications require the explicit consent of the individual whose data is being used.

The conference’s second focus was technological, because, organizers contended, privacy laws are only useful if the equipment used to gather and transmit sensitive data is secure.

U of T’s newly established Identity, Privacy and Security Initiative graduate program considers these issues. The IPSI, directed by Professor Dimitrios Hatzinakos, concentrates students and faculty from disciplines such as engineering, public policy, and business to analyze matters of public information security.

Hatzinakos hopes to build privacy directly into new technologies, a concept Cavoukian calls “privacy by design.”

“We have to think how we can build privacy into the technology so that it can be that much more effective” said Hatzinakos. He added that these technologies could be readily applied to other sectors, such as commerce and the legal system.