The unofficial results of the University of Toronto Students Union (UTSU) elections, which were released shortly after 7 pm Thursday, show that the 2017-2018 executive will comprise mostly individuals associated with the Demand Better slate.The voter turnout was 11.8 per cent, an increase from last year’s 9.7 per cent. Demand Better presidential candidate Mathias Memmel was elected over opponents Andre Fast of We the Students, John Sweeney of Whomst’d’ve UofT, and independent candidate Joshua Hands. Reboot candidate Micah Ryu was not on the ballot after being disqualified on Monday.Voting was conducted using the single-transferrable vote, in which students can rank candidates in their order of preference. Fast received a plurality of first choice votes in the first round but lost to Memmel as the rounds progressed, with Memmel accumulating more second choice votes after Sweeney’s elimination. Daman Singh of Demand Better was elected Vice-President Internal in the second round by a margin of 354 votes after former Reboot candidate Jessica Leung’s 823 votes were redistributed to Singh and We the Students candidate Jackie Zhao.Carina Zhang, the only We the Students candidate elected to the executive, won the Vice-President University Affairs position handily after she received a total of 3,447 votes after redistribution.Independent candidate Anne Boucher was elected Vice-President External, receiving more second choice votes than her opponents from We the Students, Demand Better, and Reboot and winning the position after four rounds.Chim Alao, Demand Better’s candidate for Vice-President Equity was elected by a margin of 1933 votes to 1621 over We the Students candidate Michelle Mabira. Former Reboot candidate Keelie-Shay Eaid was eliminated in the first round with 576 first place votes. Stuart Norton, also of Demand Better, was elected Vice-President Campus Life after two rounds.Finally, Shivani Nathoo of Demand Better, receiving first-place votes in all four rounds, has filled the Vice-President Professional Faculties position.Of the elections for UTSU directors 13 Demand Better candidates were successful, according to the unofficial results, along with three from We the Students, three from Reboot, and two independents.The results will be official once they are ratified by the UTSU board of directors.Also on the ballot were referendum questions, the first asking for a 50 cent levy to fund accessibility services at the UTSU, and the second from the University of Toronto Aerospace Team (UTAT) asking for a $2.77 levy to send a satellite to space. Both referendums passed, with 54.8 per cent support for UTAT’s referendum and 67.6 per cent support for the accessibility levy.This story is developing, more to follow.
Demand Better wins most UTSU executive positions, unofficial election results show
Carina Zhang of We the Students, independent Anne Boucher also elected
At least six Reboot candidates withdraw from slate
Withdrawal motivated by risk of disqualification
Several candidates from the Reboot U of T slate have withdrawn from the slate during the first day of voting. Keelie-Shay Eaid, Vice-President Equity candidate, and Jenny Yue, Vice-President Professional Faculites candidate, have issued statements on their Facebook pages indicating that they have withdrawn from the slate.Eaid and Yue are each 10 demerit points away from the maximum allowable for executive candidates.Victoria College Director candidate Alex Bercik, Dentistry Director candidate Joanna Man; Professional Faculties at-Large Director candidate Tony Ye, and Social Sciences Director candidate, Jane Tien have also declared their withdrawal from the slate. These candidates have accrued 20 demerit points, the maximum allowable amount for director candidates.A portion of the statement written to The Varsity on behalf of the slate reads: “Many Reboot members have decided to disband in order to avoid further demerits for the whole slate, altogether. The ERC/CRO has placed many Reboot candidates on the edge of disqualification and has hence forced them dissociate. In light of the recent disqualification of 5 members, other Reboot members were placed in a very tight spot. However, the members still have the same platform goals even as individuals.” On March 13, five candidates from the slate, including the presidential candidate, Micah Ryu, had incurred enough demerit points to be disqualified. A statement on was issued on Reboot UofT’s Facebook page, saying that the candidates were withdrawing from the UTSU elections. They are still able to appeal the ERC’s decisions.Eaid says that she and others have decided to “dissassociate [sic] with the slate in order to avoid any further demerit points from comments that were/are being left on our (Facebook) page.” She notes that they had incurred 8 demerit points for one comment on a post and 10 on another. She also said that she will not be disavowing the slate’s platform, and she did not believe the other candidates would either.“For some candidates that still have a very solid chance at winning their seat, continuing on as a slate was no longer worth the risk of being targeted. In particular, our former Dentistry candidate is running unopposed and the faculty would have no board representation for several months if she was disqualified, and based on the way the DROOP quota system works, we think it’s very likely for some of our college directors to win their seats as well,” Eaid explained.“We came together because of shared ideas. We are splitting up so we no longer have to be liable for each others’ actions. This isn’t a betrayal of ideas, it’s a dropping of liabilities,” Eaid went on.Avinash Mukkala, the slate’s recently disqualified Life Sciences Director candidate, also echoed Eaid’s reasoning, saying that the Elections and Referenda Committee had “placed us in a very tight spot at the edge of disqualification for many individuals.” He also noted that his disqualification meant that “further affiliation would be at too high of a risk.”Riley Moher, one of the slate’s disqualified Engineering Director candidates, said that he would not be appealing the decision because of what he had heard from other slate members’ experiences trying to overturn decisions.“I think the role of the ERC and CRO is too great, and the application of the rules of the election can be subject to too much subjectivity and political influence,” Moher said, adding that he was not hopeful of “stamping out corruption and politicization within the UTSU within the current student politics climate.”According to Ryan Gomes, Chair of the ERC, these actions may not be perceived by the ERC or the appellate board as truly disavowing the slate. “I think that they would have a harder time convincing the ERC or the appellate board that this actually was a disbanding of the slate, especially considering that they’re still all on the website and they’re not disavowing their platform and the names on the ballot still say Reboot… I think it would be a difficult sell,” Gomes said.At the time of the interview with Gomes, the candidates’ profiles were still shown on the Reboot UofT website, however, the candidates page was empty at press time.Ryu confirms that they were “looking into disbanding the slate.” He also brought up the example of Reboot UofT’s former Dentistry Director candidate, saying that she had “done nothing with respect to any of the violations, and isn’t gaining any advantages from those violations since she’s running unopposed.”“They keep handing out points as a slate and that was about to disqualify a lot more people. Our 3 engineering director candidates were only put over the top… because of how many points they gave us for not policing our Facebook page comments well enough,” Ryu said.
Presidential candidates face off in UTSU debate hosted by The Varsity
Micah Ryu announces departure from Reboot UofT
On Monday March 13, The Varsity hosted a presidential debate featuring presidential candidates for the University of Toronto Students’ Union (UTSU) election.The debate was moderated by The Varsity’s Editor-in-Chief Alex McKeen and News Editor Tom Yun, and featured Mathias Memmel of Demand Better, Andre Fast of We the Students, and John Sweeney of Whomst’d’ve UofT, and Micah Ryu, who announced at the debate that he was no longer affiliated with Reboot UofT. Although The Varsity reached out to independent presidential candidate Joshua Hands inviting him to the debate, he did not attend.Advocacy, Equity, and Free SpeechThe presidential candidates were asked questions about what role the UTSU would play in the areas of advocating initiatives, ensuring equity, and promoting free speech. Each candidate agreed that the UTSU should be active in these areas, but differed either in the methods or priorities in dealing with the topics.Memmel insisted that the UTSU should work on the “broad level issues” which are often “policy-related issues”, such as tuition. He also stated that the UTSU should deal with issues “that have to do with supporting and representing marginalized students on campus.”In regards to free speech, Memmel said that the UTSU should not provide “a platform” for “bigoted ideas to be elevated.” He believes that some groups on campus have “now become magnets for hate speech” and that “they have nothing to do with free speech at all.”Sweeney believed in a more input-based approach. Sweeney asserted that, if elected, he would “collect input” from students to learn “what they want and how they want us to carry out these advocacy efforts.”When asked about the topic of free speech, Sweeney answered by saying “I agree that free speech is very important especially on university and that people should be willing to hear opinions that they don’t necessarily want to hear. But that being said, it is not acceptable to be in any way threatening or abusive towards any other groups of students.”Fast specifically advocated for ensuring help and equality for marginalized students.“The type of work that we feel that the union should be working on is the type of work that would support those students on campus that are most marginalized; that’s the big theme of our campaign,” said Fast.Arguing for a different approach, Ryu stated that clubs, and not the UTSU, should handle issues regarding advocacy, equity, and free speech. Ryu stated that “the UTSU should step back from these issues and empower smaller groups to advocate for themselves through club’s funding”.Management within the UTSU A question that was submitted by email asked the candidates how they would intend to operate with less staff, a platform point for both Memmel and Ryu.Memmel answered by saying that his experience at the UTSU has taught him that not all of the positions are “necessary and that we can still provide the same quality of service in a more resourceful and more efficient way”.Memmel noted that the UTSU spends “almost 50 per cent of its budget on HR” which makes it difficult to “do anything else that’s meaningful.” The actual amount that the UTSU spends on human resources is closer to 40 per cent.Ryu expressed skepticism over some of the current full-time positions, saying, “the question sort of falls apart on itself when you look at some of the positions that currently exist.”Sweeney’s answer to the question was based off his experiences with the Engineering Society at U of T. He suggested that, like the Engineering Society, the UTSU “could utilize more volunteer work” in order to reduce costs and “increase the efficiency of the services” that the UTSU provides.In contrast to the other candidates, Fast’s response was more supportive of the current jobs in the UTSU. He said that “it’s really important that we have people [at the UTSU] who do know how these services work and are able to implement them.”Fast also stated that he believes in “the value of student jobs.” He continued by saying that “it’s really important that students are able to find employment in our student union to help pay for the costs of tuition and rent.”UTMA question submitted online by a student from the University of Toronto Mississauga Campus (UTM) sparked some heated discussion during the forum. The question referred to UTM students often feeling alienated from the UTSU elections.“Frankly, UTM students should fuck off,” said Ryu in response to the question. “They have their own student union, they don’t belong in the UTSU. We’re two different campuses with two totally different campus cultures and it’s really a shame that the two organizations are linked together at all.”Fast immediately repudiated Ryu’s statements: “I’m sorry, but I don’t think it’s acceptable that someone can sit up here and tell a huge part of our membership — and I think that it’s important that, as the moderators of this debate, you don’t allow this platform to be used to tell something like a quarter of our membership and disrespect them in that way.”With regards to UTM, Sweeney said that his slate would pursue a process for UTM to leave the UTSU if UTM students agree.Memmel stated that he had reached out to UTMSU vice-president Internal Jackie Zhao — who is currently running for vice-president Internal with We The Students U of T — twice this past year and both times “was met with hostility.” He followed-up saying the UTSU needs to “reevaluate how we’re supporting students at UTM.”Future Relationship with AdministrationThe Varsity asked the presidential candidates about the balance between student union autonomy and administration-led accountability measures. This issue comes as the passing of the Policy on Open, Accessible, and Democratic Autonomous Student Organizations last summer, which gave more oversight to administration. In addition, a new policy at St. Michael’s College now has an academic advisor — who is a member of the administration — designated to each of its three student organizations.Sweeney answered the question first, highlighting Whomst’d’ve’s view on the matter. He said, “Long story short, we’re committed to a decentralized approach to letting smaller groups take governance of themselves.”Fast argued for student-union independence saying that “there’s a lot of cases, as a student union, where what’s best for students isn’t necessarily being represented by the admin.” Fast mentioned U of T’s investment in fossil fuel companies and U of T funds contributing to the United States prison system.Memmel stated that he was in support of the Policy on Open, Accessible, and Democratic Autonomous Student Organizations. He added that autonomy in student organizations is “in principle, a core function of any student group.” However, Memmel added that administration should have the power to “withhold fees free these organizations when corruption is internalized…”Ryu argued that the UTSU is not effective in influencing the administration because the “admin doesn’t see the UTSU as a proper representative of the student body any more than the students themselves do.”Voting is open until March 16 at utsu.simplyvoting.com.
Reboot UofT issued 10 demerit points
CRO says slate violated rules against pre-campaigning
The executive candidates for Reboot UofT, a slate running for the University of Toronto Students’ Union (UTSU) elections, have been issued 10 demerit points for violating pre-campaigning rules, as ruled by the Chief Returning Officer (CRO).On February 14, The Varsity revealed Reboot’s tentative platform and list of executive candidates. Reboot’s presidential candidate, Micah Ryu, spoke to The Varsity about some aspects of his platform, including clubs funding and a plan to dissolve executive positions in the future. The CRO presented a ruling that issued 10 demerit points to each executive candidate based on “gross violation of the Elections Procedure Codes Article VI pertaining to pre-campaign (1a) and Fair Play (1g, sub-section v1).”The ruling noted how Ryu acknowledged in the article that speaking to The Varsity could be considered pre-campaigning, and he “knowingly proceeded to violate the rules.” The ruling considered Ryu’s decision as a “lack of appropriate judgement and respect.”Reboot UofT’s director candidates were not issued demerit points, as they were not mentioned in the February 14 article.Ryu told The Varsity that he plans to appeal the decision.Demerit points are issued when candidates violate election rules found in the UTSU’s Elections and Procedures Code. Any executive candidate who earns 35 demerit points will be disqualified from the election. Last year, the 1UofT slate was disqualified for failing to provide notarized translations of Chinese campaign material into English to the CRO. Voting in the UTSU elections will run from March 14–16 and will be available online at utsu.simplyvoting.com.— With files from Tom Yun
UTSU Elections Annual Ratification Meeting
Follow our livestream for updates and analysis
Hundreds of ballots missing candidates in UTSU Board of Directors elections
Sixty per cent of students who received erronous ballots re-voted successfully
During the University of Toronto Students’ Union (UTSU) spring elections, 308 students from various professional faculties at U of T did not receive ballots for their UTSU faculty board of directors representative, an error that prompted SimplyVoting to email the students requesting re-votes.
The error affected: three votes in the Faculty of Medicine, 13 votes in the Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, seven votes in the Faculty of Nursing, 38 votes in the Faculty of Architecture, and 247 votes in the Faculty of Engineering.
“Our CRO [chief returning officer] discovered that the way that the system was set up did not fit the way that some of the data was formatted in the university’s list,” said Vere Marie Khan, UTSU vice president university affairs and Ben Coleman, UTSU president, in a joint statement to The Varsity. Both Khan and Coleman sit on the Elections & Referenda Committee (ERC), which is in charge of appeals, hiring the CRO, and setting elections policies.
“There are two columns for ‘segments’ which tell us which ballots to give a voter,” Khan and Coleman explained. “Sometimes the University formats students in professional faculties with the information repeated in both columns, and sometimes it doesn’t. This had the result that some students in some professional faculties did not receive ballots for the director for their faculty. This also meant that the error did not come up in routine testing before the system went live, as the problem is only experienced by a limited number of students.”
According to Khan and Coleman, the CRO immediately informed the ERC members of the situtation and contacted SimplyVoting to ensure that it was fixed. The CRO also recorded information that would be needed to investigate the problem later.
“This all happened on the first day of voting,” said Khan and Coleman. “Since SimplyVoting does not have the ability to change a vote after it has been cast, the system was corrected and any student who may have been affected was sent an email using their official UofT account to inform them that they had to vote again and to explain why the problem had occurred.”
“The CRO made every available effort to ensure that students’ right to vote for all of the positions they are entitled to was upheld,” Khan and Coleman continued.
With the help of information gathered from the CRO and SimplyVoting, Khan and Coleman were able to ascertain that “60% of the students who had their ballot corrected were able to successfully vote with the full ballots.”
When asked about any potential investigation into the reasons behind the issue, Khan and Coleman stated, “Any information about the correction of these ballots was shared with the ERC as soon as possible, and “the situation was also explained to the Board on March 31st when the election results were presented.” After clarifying that the CRO and SimplyVoting had already answered all of the ERC’s questions regarding the situation, Khan and Coleman explained, “there is no further action warranted, as the CRO has already communicated to the University and Simply Voting, explaining how to avoid the problem in the future. Additionally, there is no eligible position for which the problem would have cast the results into question.”Correction (April 5, 2016, 5:53 pm): an earlier version of this article named the Elections & Referenda Committee as an appellate body when it is in fact responsible for other election-related matters as well; insinuated that the CRO destroyed evidence of the problem; and suggested that the data was irretrievably lost. The article has been updated to reflect these changes. The Varsity regrets the errors.
Colleges and professional faculty elections near their end
The Varsity rounds up the results of student society elections
As the semester comes to an end, election results for most undergraduate and professional faculty societies have been released. This year, divisions were given the option to run internal elections for their representatives on the University of Toronto Students’ Union (UTSU) Board of Directors. The winners of these elections will be proposed for ratification at the UTSU’s first Annual Ratification Meeting to be held on April 20.
Innis College Student Society (ICSS)
Innis students elected Brianne Katz-Griffin as president, Elspeth Arbow as executive vice president, Troy Peschke as vice president, finance, and Teodora Pasca as vice president, internal. Cole Mellows ran unopposed for the UTSU Innis College director position.
New College Student Council (NCSC)
Next year’s NCSC president will be Nicholas Grant. Jordan Su won the election for vice president; administration; Aleena Au won vice president, finance; and Skye Daley won vice president, student life. The presidential and vice presidential candidates all ran unopposed.
During the UTSU elections, Sila Elgin, Nadine Abdel-Ghafar, and Nicholas Grant were elected as the three New College directors.
St. Michael’s College Student Union (SMCSU)
Next year’s SMCSU president will be Zach Nixon, with Jess Afonso as vice president. Their three UTSU Board of Directors members will be Georgina Merhom, Leanne Gruposso, and Damian Dibiase. SMCSU will also have a fall by-election.
Trinity College’s team next year will be comprised of Nish Chankar as female head of college; Anthony Marchese as male head of college; Chelsea Colwill as female head of arts; Thomas Robson as male head of arts; Joudy Sarraj as female head of non-resident affairs; and Basil Southey as male head of non-resident affairs. Next year’s Trinity College director for the UTSU Board of Directors will be Sarah Harrison.
University College Literary & Athletic Society (UC Lit)
Ramsay Andary was elected to the position of president in a close race against Matt Thomas, with 300 votes to Thomas’ 235. Daman Singh ran unopposed for the role of vice president. In the UTSU spring elections, Chimwemwe Alao, Ryan Hume, and Mira El Hussein were elected to the UTSU board.
Victoria University Students’ Administrative Council (VUSAC)
Rahul Christoffersen and Stuart Norton were elected co-presidents, with Steve Warner as vice president, external; Golda Greenspoon as vice president, internal; and Hannah Brennen as vice president, student organizations. Garnet Lollar and Stephanie Spagnuolo were elected to the UTSU Board of Directors during the UTSU spring elections.
Woodsworth College Students Association (WCSA)
Novera Khan was elected president along with six vice presidents: Radha Lamba will serve as vice president, internal affairs; Dylan Forgas as vice president, financial affairs; Miranda Li as vice president, athletic affairs; Minki Ryan Jeong as vice president, external affairs,;Sarah Bear as vice president, public relations; and Kristine Sarah Medrero as vice president, social affairs. Additionally, Sebastian Salomon, Christina Badiola, and Ahmad Ilyas were elected as UTSU directors.
Architecture and Visual Studies Student Union (AVSSU)
AVSSU elections begin April 7 and end on April 9. Christine Song is currently the only candidate running for president, and Skye Ece Ulusoy is the only vice president, visual studies candidate. Vice president, architecture is contested by Nirvika Tugnait and Jaime Ahn. Marienka Bishop-Kovac was elected to the UTSU Board of Directors during the UTSU spring elections.
Engineering Society (EngSoc)
The officer team elect of EngSoc consists of Milan Maljkovic as president; Andrew Boetto as vice president, finance; Colin Parker as vice president, communications; Samantha Stuart as vice president, academic; and Raneem Shammas as vice president, student life. Andrew Sweeny, Addy Bhatia, and Danja Papajani will serve on the UTSU Board of Directors.
Faculty of Music Undergraduate Association (FMUA)
Unofficial results for the FMUA spring election have announced Sophia Wang as president; Helen Geng as vice president, internal; Danielle Sum as vice president, communications; Jacob Feldman as vice president, external; Cristina Lanz as vice president, academic; and Nila Rajagopal as vice president, student life. Feldman is also the UTSU director for the Faculty of Music.
Kinesiology and Physical Education Undergraduate Association (KPEUA)
KPEUA members elected Ryan Schwenger as president and Richard Yu as vice president. The KPE director on the UTSU Board of Directors will be Naomi Maldonado-Rodriguez.
Nursing Undergraduate Society (NUS)
Next year’s NUS executive members will be Angela Isoki as president, Felicia Zhang as director of communications, and Sohee Kang as senior director of finance. Katy Grundy will serve as the UTSU representative.
Students’ Law Society (SLS)
Sarah Bittman will serve with Katie Longo as vice president, student affairs and governance; Christina Liao as vice president, social affairs; and Aidan Fishman as the UTSU law director. All four ran unopposed.
Six academic directors were elected, but due to the disqualification the 1UofT slate, the mathematical and physical sciences academic director position is currently vacant. Alissa Mirochnitchenko was elected for life sciences, Victoria Liao for humanities, Jacob Reinertson for computer science, Tsukasa Kikuchi for Rotman commerce, and Timothy Law for social sciences. The professional faculty at-large directors will be Faizan Akbani and Sophia Wang.
Additional director elects include Jin-Kyu ‘Justin’ Kim for medicine, Joshua Raisin for dentistry, Adriana Too for pharmacy, and Orvin Lao for theology. Theology only had three voters in total and dentistry only had two.
Entire 1UofT team disqualified
More appeals and decisions expected to come
In an unexpected turn of events, all members of the 1UofT slate of candidates for last week’s University of Toronto Students’ Union (UTSU) executive elections have been disqualified following a series of recent decisions by the union’s Elections and Referenda Committee (ERC) and the election’s chief returning officer (CRO). As a result, the lone 1UofT candidate to have won election last week, vice president, internal & services elect, Carina Zhang, will be forced to relinquish her victory.The UTSU’s Elections and Procedures Code (EPC) outlines appropriate campaigning behaviour for candidates. Demerit points are issued to candidates in cases when they have violated the EPC to a maximum of 35 points, resulting in disqualification. At the conclusion of the elections, members of 1UofT had between 22 and 28 demerit points.In a series of recent decisions, the union’s Elections and Referenda Committee (ERC) and the election’s chief returning officer (CRO) issued a combined total of 196 new demerit points to the slate, bringing their individual totals to well over 35.After the ERC received appeals on an earlier CRO ruling that gave two demerit points to the 1UofT slate for non-English online campaign material without an English translation, the committee repealed the ruling and increased the number of demerit points for this incident to 15 for each slate member.The ERC also revisited another previous CRO ruling that issued three demerit points for the 1UofT slate concerning non-English campaign materials. The ruling concerned untranslated campaign material disseminated by vice-president, internal & services candidate Carina Zhang on the Chinese social networking website WeChat. The committee upgraded the demerit points to six for the slate, with the exception of Zhang, who received 10 points. Zhang was the sole victor from 1UofT.In addition, vice-president, external candidate Andre Fast, and vice-president, university affairs candidate Andy Edem previously received three demerit points for allegedly distributing campaign material without the CRO’s stamp. The ERC extended the three points to the rest of the slate.The CRO also made three new rulings. In one ruling, the CRO investigated allegations that 1UofT received “Benefits Acquired by Virtue of Office,” which would concern the use of a space not normally available to any UTSU member for campaign purposes and violate the EPC. There were allegations that 1UofT used the offices of the Afghan Students’ Association, of which presidential candidate Madina Siddiqui is the president of. Five demerit points were assigned to every member of the slate, with the exception of Siddiqui, who received 11.Another ruling concerned UTMSU president Uranranebi Agbeyegbe’s involvement with 1UofT’s campaign. It was alledged that Agbeyegbe violate the EPC as he did not take an unpaid leave of absence from his position in order to campaign. However, the CRO ruled that he Agbeyegbe did not violate the EPC, as he simply sat on the UTSU Executive Committee as a designate and was not paid by the union.The CRO also issued four demerit points to the slate as a result of mass text messages on behalf of 1UofT sent by UTMSU vice-president, university affairs & academic Nour Alideeb, who is also the UTMSU president elect. One student, Sundas Malik, who applied for the position of vice president, campus life at the UTSMU received a text from Alideeb. It is alleged that Alideeb could have only received Malik’s number through the UTMSU’s database, which would violate the EPC’s policy against “benefits acquired by virtue of office.”ERC chair Vere Marie Khan confirmed with The Varsity that the rulings would mean that Hello UofT candidate Mathias Memmel would be elected for the position of vice-presdient, internal & services and that the second choice votes of those who ranked the disqualified candidates as their first choice would not be redistributed to the other candidates.The rulings are still subject to change. Khan noted that, “there’s still going to be appeals happening tomorrow as well.”Siddiqui did not immediately return The Varsity’s requests for comment.The results are scheduled to be ratified at a general meeting on April 20 at Room 1190 in the Bahen Centre.Editor’s note: This story has been updated from a previous version to reflect further decisions resulting in demerits.